Here are some of the Spanish sounds that are different from English. I will be focusing on Latin American Spanish but will mention European Spanish.
C before i and e sounds like the English th sound in Spain.
Example-gracias is pronounced like grathias
The same rules as c apply to z in Spain.
Like in the word izquierda
In Latin America c before i and e is pronounced like s
Like the English K before a
g is pronounced before i and e as an English h in some Latin American countries. g is pronounced like the g in Geoff in other cases.
gu before i and e is pronounced like English g. gu is pronounced like gw in other cases.
H is always silent in Spanish
J is pronounced like like the English H, but in some countries, it is pronounced like the German ch in ich.
ll is pronounced like the English y, like in the word calle.
Rolled at the beginning of words.
Pero vs Perro
Pronounced like the English s at the start of words
Like the English x anywhere else
Sometimes the x can make the sound of the Spanish J
Pronounced like ee in the word meet at the end of words
Example-Hay, muy, y
Pronounced like the English Y in other places
The good news is that Spanish follows its own rules. Letters and letter combinations do not change their sound.
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